Units:4 Major ideas shaping modern ecology: population regulation, competition, predation, ecosystem energetics, mathematical models, and nutrient cycling. Role of biological and physical factors in developing community structure. Division: Upper Division Requisites: Pre-requisite: BIOL 105; STAT 108 or STAT 108I or STAT 109; BOT 105 or ZOOL 110; all with grades of C- or higher. Permission to enroll: No Special Consent Required Grading mode: Optional Grade Basis Weekly: Lecture 3 hrs. Laboratory 3 hrs.